Bad breath is one of the things that many people suffer from, as it has been found that approximately 25 to 30% of the world’s population suffers from this embarrassing problem.
The roots of this problem often stem from dental problems, gum disease, poor oral hygiene, and plaque which is a white or yellow coating on the tongue, usually due to a fungal infection.
According to the American GQ Magazine, treatment of bad breath depends on choosing the right products, and following special and appropriate oral habits, in addition to a conscious diet (that includes lots of drinking water.
In order to treat bad breath, one’s must first know what causes the emergence of this problem.
The roots of this problem often stem from poor oral hygiene, dental problems and gum disease, certain foods and beverages, smoking, and plaque which is a white or yellow coating on the tongue, usually due to a fungal infection.
Causes of bad breath
Poor dental hygiene is the most common cause of bad breath because it has a role in keeping small food particles stuck between the teeth and inside the mouth.
When bacteria break down food particles, a sticky, colorless layer forms on the teeth known as plaque, this plaque emits a foul-smelling gas from the mouth.
If not removed, it may cause gum irritation or inflammation, or periodontitis.
Infections and dental problems such as gum disease are the second most common cause of chronic bad breath, it leads to gingivitis, which causes it to swell and separate from the teeth, thus creating gaps and pockets that can be a suitable place for hiding food residues and bacteria, as they are difficult to reach and remove by brushing.
After eating and digesting certain types of food such as: onions, garlic, or spices, the smell of these substances is transferred from the bloodstream to the lungs.
Then the smell of these foods appears in the person’s exhaled air, which may cause inconvenience to the people around.
Smoking and chewing tobacco products, can cause bad breath due to the chemical compounds that remain inside the mouth after smoking, and these habits can lead to more serious diseases such as gum infections and cancers.
Drinking alcohol is associated with a decrease in saliva production, which leads to a decrease in the rate of natural cleansing of the mouth and an increase in the growth of bacteria which causes bad odor.
Get rid of and prevent bad breath
To reduce bad breath, work to avoid cavities and reduce the risk of gum disease, by practicing good oral hygiene habits.
Additional treatment for bad breath can vary, depending on the cause. If you think your bad breath is due to an underlying health condition, your dentist will likely refer you to your primary care provider.
Flossing is one of the most forgettable practices yet it is so important for dental health.
One should get food particles out of teeth, not only will this prevent cavities and yellowing of the teeth, it will even leave fewer food particles in the mouth that can cause putrid breath, especially during sleep.
The floss also strengthens the gums, and prevents it from becoming inflamed.
In addition to flossing, scraping tongue can also help remove any food excess that cause the bad smell, it is a simple tool yet so effective.
Using a mouthwash provides a temporary solution, but does not treat the main cause of bad breath.
It is worth noting that many mouthwashes have anti-bacterial properties, and an alcohol-free mouthwash can be used in cases of dryness in the mouth, which leads to the next measure: Staying hydrated.
Keep drinking water to help prevent bad breath, because water has a role in fighting dehydration and low saliva.
That’s because dry mouth is the perfect environment for the putrefactive sulfur waste to start grabbing your tongue altogether.
This explains the phenomenon of “morning breath”, whereby saliva production decreases when you sleep therefor, more “decomposition” occurs.
Once the diagnosis is confirmed, the causes of bad breath should be treated.
If the cause is external, it should be eliminated or corrected. For example, a patient can stop eating garlic, onions, and other odor-producing foods, and stop smoking.
If the cause is oral, then the patient should visit the dentist and assign a session to clean the teeth, and treat any caries or problems around a tooth. At home, patients should improve their daily oral hygiene routine.
This includes flossing the spaces between teeth, using a toothbrush, and cleaning the top and back of the tongue with a toothbrush or tongue scraper.
There are many types of mouthwashes and oral antiseptics available in the market, but they are not very useful.
The effects of most of these products do not last for more than 20 minutes. Alcoholics undergoing addiction treatment programs should make sure to use an alcohol-free mouthwash.
Extra useful tips
Change the toothbrush every two or three months.
Chew a handful of some aromatic disinfectant herbs such as fennel seeds, anise, and cloves, or you can chew a slice of lemon or some orange peel. To give the breath a refreshing scent.
Stop smoking! It is advisable to stop smoking, to get rid of bad breath, and medical advice can be sought to help quit smoking, such as eating tobacco gum.
For emergencies Chewing gum stimulates the secretion of saliva and keeps the mouth moist, and cleanses it from leftover food residues, but it is recommended to choose the sugar-free version, preferably those containing mint, and the sugar substitute for xylitol.
To prevent bad breath, one should add some good habits to the daily routine. Also keep a balanced healthy diet along with drinking enough water.